Treatment of Multiple Sclerosis

Treatment of Multiple Sclerosis

Sadly, there is no cure for this disease, but there are a few treatments which are designed to help patients by removing or slowing down the MS symptoms. The most common type of the MS is relapsing-remitting, which means that patients have unpredictable attacks. Less common types or the MS are: primary progressive (at the beginning there are no attacks) and the progressive-relapsing (patients have serious neurologic damage and frequent attack). Every type of MS has its own treatment.

Almost all of the treatments have a side effects, and some of them are still under investigation. This is the reason why many patients are looking for alternate treatments, but there are no available treatments, except medical treatment. The goal of medical treatment is to prevent new attacks, restore function after an attack and to prevent disability.

The most common drugs used against MS are: glatiramer acetate (it is a mixture of four amino acids, they’re polymers) which should protect nerve cells, mitoxantrone, (it is also used in the chemotherapy) its goal is to slow down the immune system in order to prevent future cell damage and in 2010 drugs fingolimod and teriflunomide, were available as a part of MS treatment. These two drugs are first oral drugs for this kind of disease and their goal is to stop interaction between T cells and nerve cells, and stop damaging of neurons.

The biggest side effects of these drugs are skin irritation, swelling, pain and necrosis. Other side effects are: muscle fatigue, headache and fever. These drugs also reduce the number of white blood cells in your blood, so increase the chance for virus’s diseases.

 

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